The University of Bonn will develop the surface module for the MiKlip seamless decadal prediction system. To be able to exploit the memory effects of the subsurface soil moisture a complete 3-dimensional hydrological and a dynamical vegetation model will be used. It would be computationally inhibitive to run such a model for the full model domain. Therefore, the surface module will use the so-called adaptive parameterisation approach. In an adaptive parameterisation scheme, the computation is split into a more complex, intrinsic parameterisation and a simple, adaptive extrinsic parameterisation. The adaptive surface module calls the intrinsic parameterisation only in a few catchments. Because the intrinsic parameterisation is not run for the full model domain, its total computational cost goes down. To generalise the results to the full domain, a simpler extrinsic scheme is run for the full domain. The difference between the simple and the complex domain can be computed in the catchments in which both schemes are run. This difference will be interpolated in an intelligent way.
A simple vegetation model for NWP models may have a fixed annual cycle of the leaf area index (LAI) for every land use type. This may often be a good parameterisation, but for example in the summer of 2003 it would have failed in Europe. In this hot summer many smaller plants or at least part of their leaves died, which a dynamical vegetation model would notice. Exploiting this difference between the simple and the dynamical vegetation model in a few model catchments will likely be sufficient to correct most of this problem; as drought is a large scale phenomenon, the difference can probably be generalized well to the full model domain by interpolating a multiplication factor. Similar correction are likely possible for differences in the water table depth, etc.
The complex parameterisation will be based on the hydrological model ParFlow and a complete version of the Community Land Model (CLM). This parameterisation will be developed in close cooperation with the Transregio 32. The simplified parameterization will be a simple version of the CLM. Both models will be implemented in the regional COSMO model. The model systems will be validated by the Research Centre Jülich based on TERENO data.
For more information on this project, please have a look at the project homepage in Bonn. Similar adaptive schemes have already been developed for radiative transfer, another computationally intensive part of atmospheric models.