The importance of interactions between climate change and the ozone layer has long been recognized (e.g. Thompson and Solomon, Science, 296, 895, 2002). Hence, it is desirable to account for these interactions in climate models. Usually, this is accomplished by coupling a full stratospheric chemistry module to a Global Climate Model (GCM). Since this approach is computationally very expensive, ozone is usually prescribed in climate models. SWIFT is a fast and accurate stratospheric chemistry scheme designed to enable interactions between climate and the ozone layer in these type of models which was developed in the first MiKlip project. In FAST-O3-II, the module will be implemented into the MPI-ESM1.1 model and ensemble simulations will be performed. Ozone fields will be provided and used as boundary conditions for the MiKlip prediction system.
The project is divided into three workpackages and 9 tasks. WP 3.1 will be performed by AWI, WP 3.2 will be performed by FUB and WP 3.3 is a joint workpackage.
Task 3.1.1 Include effects of changing emissions of N2O and CH4
Task 3.1.2 Update kinetic parameters based on recent progress in laboratory measurements
Task 3.1.3 Improve formulation of system of differential equations based on rates obtained from the ATLAS Chemistry and Transport Model
Task 3.2.1 Implement SWIFT version developed during MiKlip into MPI-ESM1.1
Task 3.2.2 Implement SWIFT version developed in WP 3.1 into MPI-ESM1.1
Task 3.2.3 Production of ozone fields used as boundary conditions in the MiKlip prediction system
Task 3.3.1 Testing and validation
Task 3.3.2 Ensemble simualtions with MPI-ESM1.1
Task 3.3.3 Decadal predictions with MiKlip-SWIFT
M3.1 Implementation of SWIFT into MPI-ESM1.1
M3.2 Runs with MPI-ESM1.1 coupled to SWIFT available
The development of the polar and extrapolar version of the SWIFT model has been finished and the models have been successfully validated with measurements of the MLS satellite instrument and the full chemistry model of the ATLAS Chemistry and Transport Model. The polar SWIFT model has been successfully coupled to the EMAC model. The model description of the polar SWIFT model has been published. EMAC with SWIFT chemistry has been validated against model simulations with full chemistry and observations.
Wohltmann, I. | Lehmann, R., Rex, M.
Rex, M. | S. Kremser, P. Huck, G. Bodeker, I. Wohltmann, M. Santee, and P. Bernath